The Canadian government has revised its Tentative List for World Heritage Sites, an inventory of natural and cultural heritage resources having a high likelihood of being inscribed on the World Heritage List. Only properties on a country’s Tentative List may be proposed for inscription in the World Heritage List.
Hecate Strait and Queen Charlotte Sound Glass Sponge Reefs in British Columbia
This size of glass sponge reefs cannot be seen anyplace else in the globe. They are a geologically, paleontologically, and biologically significant environment. The reefs were found off the coast of British Columbia in 1987, forty million years after they were believed to have vanished. Ancient fossil sponge reefs of 1,000 km2 in area and 25 meters in depth provide scientists a unique view into the study of past ecosystems. The reefs constitute an important ecosystem in the deep water. The intricate structures offer shelter for several species hundreds of meters under the ocean’s surface and sustain vast ecosystems of marine life, from spot prawns to sharks. In 2017, the Canadian government established a Marine Protected Area to safeguard the Hecate Strait and Queen Charlotte Sound Glass Sponge Reefs.
Stein Valley in British Columbia
The cultural landscape of Stein Valley is fundamental to the Nlaka’pamux way of life. The pristine and entirely protected ecosystem of this valley has provided the Nlaka’pamux people with many of their traditional foods, medicines, and materials for millennia. Importantly, the Stein represents the holy features of Nlaka’pamux existence; it is a location where their people go to receive spiritual strength and enlightenment. Numerous well-preserved pictographs uncovered on rocks and stones along the ancient path provide tangible proof of this hallowed nature, showing sacred areas where spiritual abilities are earned via visions and rites. A plethora of Nlaka’pamux traditional knowledge in the form of creation tales, oral histories, and ethnobotany attests to the value of the landscape’s intangible characteristics. Numerous named locations attest to occurrences involving transformers and their predecessors that occurred eons ago, and the valley still reverberates with hhA.hha (sacred powers). The Nlaka’pamux continue to use, preserve, and defend this critical ecosystem. It continues to be their holiest site for teaching their traditions and obtaining spiritual understanding.
Wanuskewin Heritage Park in Saskatchewan
Wanuskewin’s archaeological resources are among the greatest instances of habitation on the Great Plains of North America and are a unique example of traditional human settlement in the Northern Plains. On the valley’s terraces, point bars, and coulee depressions, nineteen sites have been found. This entire and unbroken record of cultural history in the area from 6,400 years ago to the present includes dwelling sites, bison leaps, tipi rings, and North America’s most northern Medicine Wheel. There is evidence that practically every known Plains culture convened at this location, and modern Indigenous nations recognise Wanuskewin’s value as a spiritual site. Wanuskewin, which is regarded as a holy location and meeting place, remains significant as a venue for peaceful coexistence, education, rituals, and reconciliation for all nations.
Heart’s Content Cable Station Provincial Historic Site in Newfoundland and Labrador
The Heart’s Content Cable Station is a tribute commemorating the 1866 building of the first successful transoceanic underwater telegraph cable. This Cable Station and its counterpart at Valentia, Ireland were the western and eastern termini of the ambitious mid-19th-century scheme to link North America and Europe with a submerged telegraph cable 1886 nautical miles in length. The successful trans-Atlantic telegraph cable between Heart’s Content and Valentia is one of the major milestones in global communications and the beginning of globalization – the ability to communicate instantly and accurately between the old and new worlds had global-altering economic, political, military, and media effects. At the time, many felt that this incredible scientific and technical achievement was unattainable, yet these cable stations are the only remaining evidence of the immense intelligence and tenacity that made it possible.